We’ve had both types. We have a bunion on our left foot, which was inherited from both parents, which is common. For several years we did nothing except buy full-foot custom orthotic inserts. Then for several more years, we went to a podiatrist (at a multiple-doctor practice) who did nothing except confirming that I had a bunion. After that, we went to a podiatrist who did slice a narrow chunk of flesh and nail off a toe on our right foot. He told us that he does a lot of surgery, and one day he offered us the alternative of surgery or a cortisone shot. We chose the shot. Then we went to a different multiple-doctor practice for three years, with a different podiatrist each year. The first two podiatrists did nothing, the third prescribed a small, simple, inexpensive orthotic which was all we needed.
When I first tried on a pair of VOXXSTASIS socks (at the Elevate Performance and PT studio in Redwood City, CA), I was astonished. Studio owner Nadine Waeghe and I took turns lifting each other with and without wearing the socks. It was clear to me that the socks made each of us significantly stronger. Subsequently I wore them in my ballroom dance shoes (special shoes with very thin soles) and noticed that my feet felt stronger and I could dance longer without wearing out. Then I bought a pair of VOXXBLISS insoles that I use in my TOPO walking shoes (which have no built-in sculptured insoles) per my Pilates instructor Maxine Walmsley at the Core Body Connections studio in Menlo Park, CA. These are intended to make my feet “walk as God intended”. Presumably these products will help other people with (or without) challenged feet.